At an international scale, important transboundary linkages have been created with the Iona/Skeleton Coast Park on the Angolan border, the |Ai-|Ais/Richtersveld Transfrontier Conservation Area linked to South Africa, and the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA), which is a joint management initiative between Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe linking state protected areas and communal lands across the five countries. Namibia’s community conservation structures enable wildlife movement across communal land and facilitate improved coordination of activities in these areas.
KAZA has created a conservation framework at the regional level, with Namibia’s Zambezi Region at its geographical heart. One of the main objectives of KAZA is to ensure connectivity between state protected areas by creating movement corridors for wildlife across communal land, with community based tourism providing improved livelihoods for residents in the five country area.
Communities without boundaries
There is broad consensus that the success and viability of KAZA depends largely on the cross-border adaption of CBNRM in areas of Angola and Zambia to suit local circumstances. The engagement of communities in Angola and Zambia through effective CBNRM practices will create incentives for the creation and maintenance of wildlife corridors and dispersal areas between the five KAZA states.
Transboundary forums, dealing with issues such as poaching, fire control and fishery protection, are the practical cornerstones of international conservation cooperation.